Soil erosion is a natural process which can be caused by many natural elements such as wind, floods, glacial ice, just a few among the many. The soil in a particular area is moved and displaced to another location. It is not a harmful process but due to agricultural processes, its high rate may result into hazardous effects on the environment. Therefore, numerous measures have been undertaken to curb this issue. A lot of mechanisms have been put in place with the main one being erosion control. This is a process or a practice that is aimed at preventing the loss of soil, habitats, water pollution and human property. Erosion control specialists have incorporated certain methods, which are aimed at reducing the rate of soil erosion.
Methods of erosion control
One of the most effective ways of preventing erosion is by planting vegetation. This is because the roots of the plants which grip the soil prevent excessive erosion of the soil as it is contained in the root mass.
Another popular erosion control method is the silt fence. This is a long fabric fence barrier mostly constructed along a hill which collects water that may displace the soil. This method is aimed at minimizing the rate of erosion, especially from running waters. The erosion control specialists also promote the usage of erosion control matting. The matting is laid on top of the top soil providing strength and protection to the surface area.
The equipment used
There are a lot of machines that are used to control soil erosion. The trenching machine, also known as a digging wheel, is used for excavation. Its wheels have an endless chain, self-propelled on crawlers. They are well-designed and equipped to cut hard soft rock and hard ground. They are mostly used to dig trenches that help prevent erosion. There are many trenching machine hire companies that offer hiring services to interested parties.
The grading machine also plays a vital role in erosion control. Also known as a grader or maintainer, it is mainly used to create a flat surface during the grading procedures, as well as for construction and maintenance purposes. Recent graders are fitted with the latest technological grade control equipment. They are mostly used to remove snow on surfaces, thereby reducing the erosion caused by snow. One does not need to buy it, but can be accessed from various companies, which offer services of grader hire Melbourne wide.
The backhoe is also a machinery equipment designed for various erosion control purposes. It has a shovel-like design that scoops excess soil mostly used for excavation purposes. It can remove excess soil from any area, transporting it to another, thus minimizing the rate of erosion. Such a machine can be availed from firms that offer services of backhoe hire Melbourne wide.
Controlling soil erosion is very important as a way of preserving soil. There a lot of benefits that come about from accessing erosion control specialists.
- Protects the environment.
- Reduces any potential of floods and poor drainage.
- Reduces the cost of water treatment.
- Protects sites’ assets thereby reducing the cost of maintenance.
- Provides an effective climate for seed germination.
- Reduces the rate of moisture loss in the soil.